Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

With the growing popularity of electric vehicles (EVs), it's important to understand the different types available. Here are the most common ones:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) run solely on rechargeable batteries and do not have a gasoline engine. These zero-emission vehicles do not generate any tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They can recharge their batteries through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's typically lost during braking and uses it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged from the grid. They can run on electric power alone for several dozen miles before switching to the gasoline engine. Once the battery is depleted, they function like regular hybrids and use gasoline power to travel.